Most of the skin lesions are harmless and do not need treatment from the point of view of the general health of the patient. However, many patients desire to undergo treatment of skin for cosmetic reasons. Different modes of treatment are available for management of skin conditions, including the use of medications and surgical procedures. Some benign skin conditions can be treated with non-surgical procedures. However, larger skin lesions need to be removed surgically. The skin lesions that have the tendency to turn malignant need more careful intervention. The different modes of treatment of skin are given below:
Use of Medications:
InjectionsUse of medications like corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory drugs is common in the treatment of skin problems. The approach in treating the skin conditions is symptomatic. Also, the underlying condition responsible for the skin lesions should be detected and removed for effective treatment of skin. Most of the skin conditions are caused due to allergies. Efforts should be made to find the cause of allergy, and contact or exposure of the patient to that allergen should be avoided. Some skin conditions are caused due to medical disorders the patient is suffering from. For example, diabetic patients are more prone to suffer from skin infections, diabetic foot and non-healing ulcers. Care should be taken to control the blood sugar levels within normal limits for treating these conditions effectively. Also, patients suffering from conditions causing reduced blood supply to the parts of body, also suffer from skin disorders. Proper treatment of the condition responsible for the skin lesions is needed in this case.
The use of corticosteroids is common in treatment of skin conditions causing redness and itching of the skin. Oral corticosteroids are usually prescribed when the skin in large areas of the body is affected. Oral corticosteroids are also useful for treating skin infections. Patients can make use of topical corticosteroids for relieving the redness and itching of skin in some parts of the body. They are particularly useful in contact dermatitis in which a localized part of the skin that has come in direct contact with the irritant object has caused redness and itching of that part.
Surgical Procedures for Treatment of Skin:
Several benign and malignant skin lesions can be treated with surgical procedures. Benign lesions, though harmless, need to be removed for cosmetic reasons, especially if they are on prominent locations like face or are very large in size. Surgical removal of malignant skin lesion is very essential. An early detection of malignant skin lesion is needed to prevent the lesion from progressing to next stage of cancer and to avoid spread of the lesions. Several diagnostic procedures including biopsy of the lesion is essential to diagnose the conditions. While performing surgical removal of the malignant lesions, care should be taken to excise a part of the normal surrounding tissue to ensure complete excision of the cancerous growth. Also, the lymph nodes to which the spread of cancerous growth may have occurred also need to be removed. Other skin conditions requiring surgical therapies include cosmetic procedures; like dermabrasion. This is performed for skin resurfacing to give a smoother appearance to the skin. Other skin tightening procedures for treatment of fine lines and wrinkles also need surgical intervention. Removal of skin lesions that are benign can be done on an outpatient basis. The time required for excision of benign skin lesions depends upon the size and location of the lesion. These procedures can be done under local anesthesia.
Skin Treatment with Laser Cosmetic Surgery: Laser therapy is used for the treatment of skin from a cosmetic point of view. It can be used for treating several skin conditions including acne vulgaris, fine lines, wrinkles, acne rosacea and dermatitis.
Liquid Nitrogen for Skin Treatment: The use of cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen can be helpful in treating many skin conditions. It involves use of cryospray or cryoprobe. In this procedure, nitrogen is applied over the skin lesions for a short duration. The application of liquid nitrogen depends upon the size and location of the lesion and the depth of freeze. The repetition of therapy may be needed in some cases. Use of a technique called double freeze thaw is needed for the treatment of skin cancers and viral warts that are resistant to other forms of treatment.
Carbon Dioxide Snow: Skin treatments that use carbon dioxide cryotherapy involve a combination of a cylinder of carbon dioxide or a slush and acetone. This mixture can be applied over the skin lesion directly.
Proper and efficient treatment of skin involves correct and early diagnosis of the condition. Also, detection and removal of the underlying causative factor is essential for effective treatment and prevention of relapse of the condition.