Skin lesions are broadly divided in pigmented lesions and non-pigmented lesions. Pigmented lesions cause discoloration of skin and include both benign and malignant lesions. Most of the pigmented lesions of skin are benign in nature. They are also called moles. Pigmented lesions that are malignant are called melanoma. The pigmented skin lesions occur as a result of abnormalities or rapid division of melanocytes, which are skin cells producing a skin pigment called melanin.
Moles can occur on any part of the skin surface and are usually flat or raised growths with brown or pink coloration. Moles are usually symmetrical in appearance. Moles that are asymmetrical have a tendency to turn cancerous. Moles are also called nevus and are subcategorized into different types depending upon the layer of skin that is affected. Junctional nevi are formed in epidermal cells whereas compound nevi are formed in both the dermal and epidermal layer. Dermal nevi are moles that are formed in the cells of dermal layer of skin. However, they are not visible because they are situated beneath the epidermis.
Other commonly occurring pigmented benign lesions of skin are blue nevus, congenital nevus, dysplastic nevus and Spitz nevus. Birthmarks, sun spots and freckles are also some types of pigmented skin lesions. Some infections are known to give rise to pigmented benign skin lesions.
Appearance of malignant pigmented skin lesions or melanoma can be varied. Melanomas can not be differentiated from other common types of skin lesions based on their appearance alone. Any lesion that is suspected to be malignant needs to be investigated by doing a skin biopsy to rule out malignancy.
Patients may also have melanomas that are present since long time, sometimes for several years, but grow in size or change in appearance and turn malignant.
Any change in pigmented lesions like change in color, increase in size, irregular borders or tendency to bleed should raise a suspicion about them being malignant melanomas. They are raised above skin surface and are irregular in shape. They are black or dark brown in color. Some may be red or blue in color. Some melanomas have a tendency to ulcerate. It should be remembered that early detection of these lesions is very important to treat the condition successfully.
Different modes of treatment for the pigmented skin lesions are mentioned below:
Wait and Watch Policy:
Some benign skin lesions are completely harmless. Patients can ignore them unless they are cosmetically disfiguring. Patients should take care to notice any change in the appearance of these benign lesions and should consult a physician if any change in size and color of the lesions is noticed. Wait and watch policy is the best solution for the management of benign pigmented skin lesions.
Use of topical agents can help in the treatment of benign pigmented skin lesions. Local application of corticosteroids can help in lightening the color of pigmented lesions. Local injection of corticosteroids can also produce the same effect. Anti-histaminics and anti-inflammatory drugs can be useful in relieving the redness and itching in these lesions. However, use of meditations for treating malignant pigmented skin lesions should be avoided. The malignant lesions are treated by surgical intervention only.
Treatment of Pigmented Lesions with Laser Therapy:
In pigmented skin lesions the affected skin looks darker than the surrounding normal skin due to abnormalities of melanin production. This leads to increased concentration of melanin pigments in a localized part of skin. Laser therapy can help in these cases by producing a beam of light that is directed towards the affected skin. This light is absorbed by melanin pigments in skin. The light is then transformed into heat that is absorbed by skin cells leading to their destruction. However, the normal skin surrounding the lesion is left unaffected during the procedure.
The skin surface should be cleaned well before the therapy begins. Any make up over the part should be removed completely with soap and water and the skin should be patted dry before the therapy. Taking photographs of the part to be treated before the therapy can help in monitoring the progress of the lesion after the treatment. Also, if the lesion is over a hairy part of skin, the skin should be shaved properly before the treatment to avoid chances of infection. The lesion should be inspected well by the practitioner before the therapy to determine the parameters and caliber of laser treatment to be used for the particular patient.

In the procedure, the physician will direct the laser beams to the skin surface to be treated with the help of a small handpiece.
These laser pulses are preceded by a cooling spray of short pulse. The time needed by each session depends upon the size of lesion. It may take few minutes to an hour for each session. The strength of the laser pulse used can be altered depending upon the patient’s comfort and response of skin to the beams. Patients may feel each light pulse like a flick of elastic band. The treatment procedure is painless. General anesthesia may be needed in some patients who are very anxious or for small children.
The outcome of laser therapy is dependant upon the depth of skin lesion and color of lesion.
However, the overall results of the treatment remain unpredictable. Hence, it is advisable to try the treatment over a test patch before going for the treatment of full affected part. This may not be practically possible in case of very small lesions.
Patients may need several sessions of laser therapy for the complete disappearance of the lesion. Patients can notice the lesion becoming lighter in color after the first sessions itself. The treatment needs to be done with caution in people with darker skin color, as the therapy may leave the skin hypopigmented permanently. Use of sun protection cream having sun protection factor of atleast 30 should be done for minimum 6 weeks following the treatment to reduce the side effects like hypopigmentation. Also, the skin should be protected from hazardous effects of sunlight for 6 months after treatment.
Patients may suffer from crusting and blistering of skin after laser therapy. Care should be taken to protect the eyes during the procedure, to prevent damage to eyes due to laser beams. Also, patients should avoid picking at or scratching the treated part for avoiding permanent scarring. Redness and swelling over the treated part may occur after the therapy, which lasts just for 1-2 hours. The skin may look darker immediately after the treatment and looks shriveled. Applying ice packs over the part can help in reducing these after effects. The part treated looks crusty for few days after the treatment. Once the crusted part of skin falls off, the skin grows back with a normal pink color.

Surgical Excision of Skin Lesions:
This is particular treatment needed for malignant skin lesions. Benign pigmented skin lesions that are very large in size and are cosmetically disfiguring can also be removed surgically. The surgical excision of lesions is done under local anesthesia. For removal of malignant lesions, care should be taken to see that complete excision of the lesion is done without leaving behind any malignant cells. Also, the affected lymph nodes are removed during the procedure to avoid spread of malignancy. The time required for the procedure depends upon the size of lesion. Proper dressing of the wound is necessary after the procedure to ensure healthy healing of wound and to prevent infections.
Some other procedures that can be preformed for treatment of pigmented skin lesions are cryotherapy and freezing techniques.
An early detection of lesion with proper diagnosis is necessary for effective treatment of pigmented skin lesions.


Even though most people make the best possible efforts in order to remain healthy and fit, factors such as, age, genes, as well as circumstances like pregnancy could lead to unpleasant fat deposits that do not respond to exercise and dieting. Every year, an increasing number of men and women turn to liposuction procedures in order to help get rid of such fat pockets from the stomach area, hips, thighs, as well as arms, but quite a few men and women are reluctant to go through an invasive surgical treatment which involves discomfort as well as time to recover. However, as a consequence of technological improvements in the world of cosmetic surgery, men and women who are planning on liposuction treatment have a brand new alternative known as laser body contouring.
Laser body contouringThe Laser Lipo procedures such as, SmartLipo, Accent and Zerona provide you with results that are very similar to the ones that could be achieved with the help of conventional liposuction procedures with virtually no pain as well as recovery time which is involved in other conventional treatments.

The term body contouring has long been used in cosmetic surgery to refer to treatment procedures that are designed to improve the overall appearance of the body shape. Generally body contouring has been utilized in order to describe breast enhancement, tummy tuck abdominoplasty, thigh and buttock lift in addition to arm lift as well as other surgical treatments. However, the problem with conventional plastic surgery for body contouring for a lot of people is the scarring associated with the surgery, like in the case of tummy tuck procedures.

With the arrival as well as popularization of liposuction procedures, the term Liposculpture or body sculpting has been used in order to describe the use of liposuction procedures to improve body contour with the help of liposuction as an alternative to surgical treatments which needed skin removal.

A number of results achieved with the help of conventional liposuction procedures do not usually live up to the term “sculpting”, since conventional liposuction procedures often leave behind loose skin as well as skin irregularities. The effects achieved with the help of laser liposuction happen to be really refined as well as effective.

The revolutionary laser liposuction procedure and its body sculpting technology melts excess fat in addition to tightening up skin with significantly less damage as compared to conventional liposuction procedures. Body sculpting using traditional liposuction procedures often leaves loose skin as well as contour deformities or perhaps depressions in the area where the fat beneath the skin has been removed.

The new laser treatment for body sculpting and fat removal makes use of a small laser fiber, significantly smaller than the liposuction cannula, in order to melt fat as well as tighten the skin simultaneously. The end result is a lot more refined skin appearance and the skin is firm and smooth without any scars and contour deformities. These kinds of results were not possible with traditional liposuction procedures as well as abdominoplasty surgery. This proves that the term laser body sculpting is certainly appropriate.

Laser body contouring using this innovative technology can be performed on the neck area, waist, abdominal area, thighs, hips, buttocks, hands, as well as other body areas in which excess fat and or loose skin is bothering you.

Advantages of Laser Treatments for Body Contouring:
Making use of aesthetic laser treatments has a lot of advantages. It is definitely an effective tool not just with regard to cellulite removal but also for liposuction procedures as well as facial treatments. This procedure speeds up the dissolving of unwanted fat deposits in addition to treating wrinkles on the face as well as reducing blemishes.

Laser treatment revitalizes your skin and makes you look more youthful and attractive. Applying the right pressure and heat in the body part which has cellulite increases the circulation of blood and also effectively eliminates excess fat as well as toxic wastes.

Getting rid of cellulite with the help of laser treatment is quick as well as a really pain-free procedure. What’s more, it is free of unwanted side effects and requires virtually no recovery time. You are certain to experience a non-invasive treatment which no other cellulite treatments can offer.

However, laser treatment could cost you a lot of money. Cellulite cannot be treated by visiting the cosmetic surgeon just once. This particular medical procedure needs a certain number of treatment sessions depending upon how severe your condition is. A follow-up with the physician is important in order to maintain the youthful appearance.

Nevertheless, in case you would like to save time and you are not prepared to go through the difficult process, which other cellulite treatments offer, in that case laser treatment is certainly the most beneficial alternative for you. You need to be willing to spend some money since the costs are usually high. You might want to analyze the money aspect up against the benefits in order to help you have a good spend.

The applications as well as benefits of this remarkable new laser liposuction procedures as well as skin tightening technology are just beginning to gain recognition, and therefore the future guarantees new revolutionary advancements. Laser technology is actually revolutionizing cosmetic surgery procedures and the results offered by proven treatments such as SmartLipo, Accent as well as Zerona, are extremely fascinating. Based on the patient as well as their body contouring objectives, cosmetic surgeons might recommend that laser liposuction procedure should be combined with a conventional body contouring procedure such as liposuction or perhaps abdominoplasty for optimum results. Any individual who is thinking about laser or conventional body contouring treatments must seek advice from an experienced, board-certified cosmetic surgeon who is able to recommend a procedure that is most suitable for them.


Laser skin resurfacing can be described as a relatively new treatment solution for the purpose of decreasing wrinkles on your face as well as other skin irregularities, for instance blemishes or even acne scars.Laser skin resurfacing
This particular procedure directs short, concentrated pulsating light beams on irregular skin surfaces. Laser skin resurfacing gets rid of skin extremely accurately, layer after layer. This particular procedure which is quite popular, is recognized by a number of alternative names, such as laser abrasion, laser peel as well as laser vaporization.

How Exactly Does Laser Skin Resurfacing Work?

Two main types of lasers most regularly utilized in the case of laser resurfacing happen to be CO2 as well as erbium. Each individual laser vaporizes superficial, impaired skin cells and not to mention, both lasers equally decrease the risk for patients mainly because they restrict the degree of heat that is absorbed by the surface of the skin.
Who can be Considered Ideal for Laser Resurfacing?
For those of you who have wrinkles or even fine facial lines around your eyes, mouth or even upon your forehead, scars left behind by acne or even non-responsive skin post a facelift, then you very well may be a good candidate for the purpose of laser skin resurfacing.

For those of you who have active acne or maybe in case you have extremely dark skin, may very well not end up being a good candidate. This procedure is definitely not recommended for those individuals who have stretch marks.
Carbon Dioxide Laser Resurfacing
This particular technique has been utilized for several years in order to aid in the treatment of various skin conditions such as, lines and wrinkles, scars, warts, birthmarks, rhinophyma (swollen oil glands on the surface of the nose), cancer of the skin along with other conditions.
The most up-to-date version belonging to CO2 laser resurfacing utilizes extremely short pulsed light energy or even continual light beams, which are delivered in a particular scanning pattern in order to accurately eradicate thin layers of the skin with minimum heat damage to the adjoining structures. It takes approximately 2 weeks to recover from this procedure.

Erbium Laser Resurfacing

Erbium laser resurfacing has been developed to get rid of superficial as well as moderately deep wrinkles and lines which are present on the face hands, neck and even chest. Minimal burning of the surrounding skin tissue is one of the primary benefits of erbium laser resurfacing. This particular laser will cause minimum side effects, for example inflammation, slight bruising, not to mention redness. Hence, the recovery time tends to be faster as compared to the CO2 laser resurfacing.
For those of you who possess a darker skin color, erbium laser resurfacing could work much better. Your health care provider will be able to determine which laser suits you best. However, this is possible only after your health care professional has fully evaluated your medical history as well as your present-day physical condition and more importantly the outcome you desire.

Outcomes to Expect during Laser Resurfacing:

Both, Erbium as well as CO2 laser resurfacing are carried out on an outpatient basis. Local anesthesia (relief from pain at the site of the particular procedure) combined with oral or even intravenous-administered sedative medications is required.
Lines and wrinkles around the eyes, oral cavity and even your forehead can be taken care of independently or else a full-face laser abrasion can be carried out. It takes approximately 30-45 minutes for a partial-face laser abrasion and in between 1 or 2 hours for a full-face treatment.

Following the laser resurfacing procedure, the treatment site is dressed with a sterile dressing. Normally, the dressing is taken off after one to three days. The patient then needs to clean the treated area 2 to 5 times a day using cold tap water saline or maybe a dilute vinegar solution. After cleaning the treatment site, an ointment such as Eucerin, Vaseline or Aquaphor is applied. This kind of wound care is supposed to avoid any kind of scab formation. Generally, the treatment area heals in 10-21 days, depending upon the nature of the condition which had been treated.

After the areas have healed, make-up could be used to help hide the pink and red colorization which is usually noticed following the laser skin resurfacing procedure. Green-based make up is particularly suited for this camouflage as they reduce the effects of red color. It is recommended to use oil free make up following laser resurfacing. The redness seen on the laser-treated sites usually fades in 2 to 3 months, however it may take as long as 6 months to completely vanish. The redness normally persists for a longer time in redheads and blondes.

What Are the Possible Complications involved with Laser Skin Resurfacing?

Small white bumps known as Milia, may appear on the laser-treated areas during the course of healing. These could be removed by way of gentle cleansing using a clean cloth.

The Laser treated areas might result in Hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation. Generally, the hyper pigmented areas might be treated using bleaching cream to help speed up the fading of the pigment.
A reappearance of a cold sore might occur, particularly following the laser skin resurfacing near the mouth area. You could avoid this by asking your physician for an antiviral medication, that you could start taking prior to your surgery and even continue taking 7 to 10 days after the procedure.

You can even avoid bacterial infections by taking an antibiotic before the surgery and continuing it for around a week after that. You must expect inflammation following laser skin resurfacing. Consult your physician in regards to what you can do to help reduce this effect.
Patients are asked to sleep on an extra pillow during the night in order to lessen the swelling following the laser resurfacing procedure. Ice pack application can be useful in the first day or two. Scarring following laser skin resurfacing, though unusual, might occur on the laser-treated areas.
Cessation of smoking is highly advised since smoking is known to lead to harmful effects on the recovery process.
It is important to keep in mind that skin treated with laser resurfacing might react in different ways. Most often, you might feel like you have got moderate sunburn. You might have swelling and redness of your skin. You could experience itchiness or perhaps stinging for 12 to 72 hours following the procedure. Five to seven days following laser resurfacing, your skin will turn dry and peel off.


Varicose veins are enlarged veins that are blue or purple in color and can be seen bulging out on the legs. The term “varicose” comes from the Latin word “varix” which means twisted in English language. Any vein in the body can become varicose, but this particular disorder is mostly observed on the legs, thighs and feet. Varicose veins develop on the legs and lower half of the body due to walking and standing, which increases the pressure in the veins, located in the lower half of the body.
Varicose veins are an aesthetic concern for many men and women because they look unappealing on the body. However, it’s important to know that varicose veins do cause some pain and discomfort. This condition might lead to serious problems if not treated on time. Varicose veins might also be an indication of an individual being at a higher risk of other circulatory system disorders.
There are plenty of treatments available for varicose veins, which include catheter-assisted procedures, laser surgeries and endoscopic vein surgeries. Mentioned below are some procedures for treating varicose veins.
Transilluminated Powered Phlebectomy:
Transillumination is an exceptional feature similar to a flashlight, placed under the skin. It allows the surgeon to see, precisely target and remove varicose veins. Conventional varicose vein surgery is considered to be a blind procedure as the surgeon is not able to see the veins or confirm removal. This procedure in carried out in an operating room after using a mild anesthetic.
The tumescent canula illuminator is positioned under the varicose vein. The cool xenon fiberoptic light helps the surgeon to see the varicose veins through the skin. Tumescent fluid, which is similar to what is used in liposuction, is infused under the skin, this loosens the vein from the surrounding tissue and provides local anesthesia.
Next, a second instrument known as the vein remover is guided to the veins with help of the TCI light. The vein is then suctioned into a small hole on the tip of the vein remover following which a protected blade cuts the vein into smaller pieces which can be removed from the body. This procedure is performed in about half an hour. Since the incisions are small, they don’t require stitches. As there is a large volume of local anesthetic used, most patients do not experience any pain when they wake up and go home in about an hour. Patients can resume normal routines within 2 or 3 days.
Vein Ligation:
Ligation has been used for treating both varicose veins as well as underlying veins. During this surgery, a surgeon makes incisions over the problem vein and then the vein is tied off. This is done to cut off the supply of blood to the varicose vein and causes it to become less visible. A lot of physicians don’t recommend this treatment because there are very high changes of recurrence of varicose veins.
Vein Stripping:
This procedure involves tying the upper end of the problem vein and then removing the vein. The procedure is performed in an operating room and the patient is under general anesthesia.
Endovenous Laser Ablation:
This laser procedure is a marginally invasive procedure meant for treating varicose veins. In this procedure, a laser fiber is put right into the vein that is a painful varicose vein. The laser then heats up the vein lining, damaging it and causing it to shrivel and eventually vanish. This treatment takes less than half an hour to perform and is typically used for treating larger varicose veins in the legs.
Advantages of Endovenous laser ablation treatment:
There are quite a few reasons for patients to consider treating varicose veins using the Endovenous laser treatment. This treatment provides:

  • Quite a significant relief from aches, pain and heaviness
  • A reduced possibility of developing stasis ulcers
  • Improved blood circulation
  • Quick and easy treatment option which is minimally invasive

How does the Endovenous Laser Treatment Work?
In this procedure, the energy source coming from the laser aggravates the vein walls and causes them to shrink and gradually disappear. After this, the veins are no longer able to carry blood through them. Since these are superficial veins, they are not meant to transfer blood to the heart.
Before the procedure begins, a topical anesthetic is applied over the treatment area. Following this, the doctor will insert an 810 nm diode fiber into the defective vein. The laser will then use an ultrasound to verify the position of the vein and then slowly heat it with low energy. This energy from the laser energy damages the wall of the vein and causes them to shrink. This eventually leads to a closure of the defective vein. The vein then gets fibrosed and is unable to carry blood.
The process is almost painless and requires about 30 to 60 minutes. After the vein has been treated, the probe is removed and a dressing is applied. The doctor will apply a compression bandage which needs to be worn for a week. The patient is normally discharged within an hour.
How Long does it Take to Recover after Endovenous Laser Treatment?
This procedure does not leave any scars and causes minimum postoperative pain. The recovery is rapid and patients can achieve almost immediate relief from the symptoms. The procedure causes slight soreness and bruising which can be treated with the help of over the counter pain medications. Following the treatment, patients can resume their normal routines almost immediately. Post treatment, the doctor will set up an appointment in the week after the procedure, to evaluate the progress of the treatment.

What are the Risks Involved with the Endovenous Laser Treatment?
As with any treatment procedure, there are some possible complications. The rare complications associated with this procedure include:

  • A pulling sensation that might last for a week.
  • Mild numbness around the area of treatment.
  • Redness and tenderness of the skin (Phlebitis). This is mild and quite common. It can be easily treated with over the counter pain medications and will resolve within a week.
  • Deep vein thrombosis is an extremely rare complication that occurs after Endovenous laser treatment. The best way to avoid this rare complication is to a wear a compression bandage and start walking immediately after the procedure.
  • An infection at the incision site is also a rare occurrence but generally resolves on its own.
  • Bruising is quite common after the procedure however it is mild and resolves in a week.

How Successful is Endovenous Laser Treatment?
The Endovenous laser ablation treatment is a very effective and safe procedure. It has been approved by the FDA for treating varicose veins. It is minimally invasive and has a success rate of 98%.


Enlargement of veins over legs is called varicose veins. They are found on thighs and inside and back of legs. Spider veins is another commonly occurring leg vein condition in which the veins look just like varicose veins but are smaller in size. Their appearance resembles the webs of a spider or branches of a tree.
Most of the leg vein disorders are caused by damage to the walls or valves of blood vessels. They affect as many as 40-45 % men and 50-55% women all over the world. Their occurrence is common in older individuals due to weakening of blood vessels and its valves, as the age advances. Patients having family history of leg vein disorders are more prone to suffering from them. They may also occur at puberty and menopause. Use of birth control pills is a predisposing factor for varicose veins. Obesity is another factor responsible for development of varicose veins due to increased pressure exerted over the walls of veins while standing and walking. Exposure to sun can lead to the development of spider veins. They are common in pregnancy also.
The symptoms of varicose veins include pain in legs that is aggravated on standing for long time or walking. There can also be swelling and heaviness in legs along with rash over the skin of legs. Spider veins do not pose any danger to the general health of patients but can be painful. However, varicose veins can be dangerous and can cause ulcers over skin due to back pressure in leg veins. This happens as a result of malfunctioning valves in the blood vessels. Superficial thrombophlebitis can also occur as a complication of varicose veins. Proper treatment of these leg veins is needed for alleviating the symptoms and for prevention of complications.
Diagnosis of these disorders is based on the clinical examination. The typical symptoms and appearance of the veins can be helpful in the accurate diagnosis of these conditions. Use of ultrasound technology can be done for checking the structure of veins and valves and for detecting the presence of clots. Venogram can be done for more detailed understanding of flow of blood through veins. Depending upon the results of these investigations, the mode of treatment suitable for the patient can be selected. Treatment of leg vein disorders can be done by vein specialists who are called phlebologists. Consultation of vascular medicine specialist may also be needed for focusing on problems in the circulatory system. Patients can consult a vascular surgeon if any surgical intervention is needed for the treatment of these conditions.
Treatment of leg vein disorders should be aimed at relieving the symptoms, preventing complications and for improving the appearance of skin over the veins. The treatment includes healthy changes in lifestyle along with the use of medications. The different treatment options for leg vein disorders are mentioned below:
Compression Stocking:
They can be used for exerting pressure over the veins. Three different types of compression stockings are available that are described below:
Support pantyhose offer the least pressure over veins and are not graduated or gradient. Hence, they exert pressure over all the parts over which it is applied and not on any specific region.
Compression hose that are with a gradient, can give comparatively more pressure. They are available at any drug store.
Gradient compression of prescription strength can be helpful in exerting highest pressure and are available at all medical stores. They need to be fitted over the affected part by an expert trained for it.
This is a common mode of treatment for spider veins and varicose veins. The therapy consists of injection of chemicals into the veins. These chemicals cause swelling of veins that stick together and are seal shut. This results in stoppage of blood flow in the vessels making the veins turn into scar tissue. The procedure is done under local anesthesia. The treatment needs many sessions that are spread over the duration of 4-6 weeks. Patients may need to use compression techniques after sclerotherapy for better healing and for decreasing swelling. The treatment yields very good results if done in a proper manner.
Patients may develop some side effects after this procedure like raised red patches over the skin along with stinging pain. These symptoms tend to disappear few hours after the therapy. Some patients may develop brown lines and spots along with a group of small blood vessels over the treated region after the therapy. There can also be trapping of blood in the vein causing inflammation. This can be relieved by taking Aspirin or by applying hot fomentation over the part. Making a small pinprick by the physician can drain the trapped fluid.
Another type of sclerotherapy that is very effective for the treatment of leg vein disorders called ultrasound guided Sclerotherapy can also be performed in patients. This therapy makes use of ultrasound imaging for guiding the needle through the affected part for performing sclerotherapy. This procedure is particularly useful for treating those veins that are not easily visible. The side effects of this procedure are soreness and swelling of skin and deep vein thrombosis. Injection of scerotherapy agent in a wrong vessel is also possible in this technique, causing few side effects.
Surface Laser Treatments:
Laser treatment can be used for effective treatment of spider veins and varicose veins. Strong beams of light are used in this procedure that are passed through the skin towards the affected veins. This results in fading of the veins, leading to their disappearance. However, this procedure cannot be used for patients with all types of skin and skin color. The procedure is non-invasive and does not involve the use of injections and needles. However, the heat produced in the procedure can cause mild discomfort to the patient. The treatment can be completed in 15-30 minutes. Patients usually need 2-5 sessions for successful treatment of spider veins. Varicose veins that are larger than 3 mm in size cannot be effectively treated with this therapy.

Patients can resume their daily routine activities immediately after the treatment. The side effects of this therapy are swelling and redness of skin over the treated veins. There can also be discoloration of skin. Most of the above mentioned side effects disappear spontaneously within few hours after treatment. Some patients may develop burning and scarring of skin over the treated part.
Endogenous Procedures by using Laser and Radiofrequency:
Disorders of deeper veins of legs like saphenous veins can be done with the help of this procedure. This procedure is a good replacement option for surgical procedures in patients suffering from severe varicosity of veins. The procedure can be conducted at the clinic of a doctor. In this procedure, a small tube called catheter is inserted in the veins. Then, a small device called probe is passed in the catheter. The device present at the tip of probe causes heating of inner part of veins resulting in its closure. This procedure is done under local anesthesia. There can be slight burning of skin following the therapy.
After this procedure, the normal vessels surrounding the treated vein take over the blood supply to the part that was previously being supplied by the diseased veins. Slowly the symptoms of varicose veins begin to alleviate. Then, the smaller veins connected to the treated veins shrink. If this doesn’t happen, these smaller veins need to be treated by other techniques like Sclerotherapy.
Surgical procedures used for the treatment of leg vein disorders are stripping and surgical ligation. In surgical ligation procedure, the affected veins are ligated and are removed completely from the leg by taking small cuts through skin. The procedure does not affect normal blood circulation in the legs. Deeper veins in legs compensate for the blood supply to the parts that were supplied by the blood vessels removed in the surgery. The procedure is done under general anesthesia. Patients may need 1-4 weeks to recover after surgery. The procedure is harmless. However, patients may develop mild pain in legs after the therapy. Usual side effects of general anesthesia like breathing problems and risk to cardiac functions can also occur during the procedure. There can also be inflammation, swelling and redness of treated part with or without infection. Formation of permanent scars is also common after the procedure. There can be damage to smaller blood vessels or nerves during the procedure. Damage to nerves can cause numbness or change in sensation around the region. Formation of blood clots in deep veins can occur after the procedure. These clots can travel to other parts of body like heart or lungs through blood flow. Use of heparin can help in prevention of these complications. However, it should be kept in mind that heparin can cause thinning of blood and can pose a danger of increased bleeding and reduced clotting during the surgical procedure leading to severe blood loss.
Pin Stripping:
In this procedure, a device called pin strip is passed in the vein. Then, the tip of this device is ligated to the end of affected vein and the device is pulled out. The affected vein comes out along with it. The procedure can be done on an out patient basis or in an operation theater. Local or general anesthesia is needed for this procedure.
Ambulatory Phlebectomy:
In this, small cuts are made over the skin and the veins are pulled out with the help of hooks. The procedure can be done under local anesthesia by numbing only that part which is to be pricked. The treatment can be done in 1 session and it can be helpful in the management of large veins also. The treatment does not leave big scars. Patients can resume their normal activities immediately after the treatment.


Hair Removal
Everyone has unwanted hair that they wished would just go away and stop troubling them. Unwanted hair is such a pain in the ass. It just stops you from wearing that favorite halter top when your cute boss asks you out after work; it makes you think twice about taking that sauna with your girlfriends, all of whom seems to be sporting smooth, alabaster skins; and it makes you want to do something drastic, just to get rid of it once in for all. Well, here are some hair removal methods that you can browse through to find the one that suits you best in terms of time consumed, ease of use and overall cost. Each of the below mentioned alternatives to remove hair have a part that explains the treatment details and a part that tells of how the treatment works.
Shaving has to be the simplest, fastest, least expensive and least time consuming way to remove unwanted hair. This pain free hair removal methods requires apparatus such as a razor, some shaving cream and a foaming brush. This shaving kit is used to cut hair off, as close to the skin as possible so that it is not longer the visible nuisance that it usually is. This treatment works best on long, smooth surfaces such as the arms and legs, though it can also be used to shave off the underarms and bikini line. The downside of this method is that hair usually grows back in the form of a stubble within 2 to 3 days and that there are chances of getting nicked or cut.
Waxing entails the application of heated, liquefied wax on the area where there is unwantedWaxing hair removal hair growth. A clean piece of cloth is then pressed onto this area so that all the hair gets stuck on it. The strip is then ripped off of the skin in the opposite direction of the hair growth. This results in the stuck hair getting ripped off too, right from the hair roots. Waxing is more painful, time consuming and expensive than shaving, but it ensures that you stay hair free for longer, say about 2 to 3 weeks, depending on how fast you grow hair.
Use of Depilatories
Depilatories are chemical products that are applied onto the hair and left a while for about 10 to 15 minutes. During this time, the chemicals start working on the hair follicles and dissolve them. After application, hair starts coming lose and becomes somewhat like jelly. This can easily be washed or wiped off. The advantage of depilatories is that they cause zero pain, but the downside is that hair grows back real soon and you will be required to follow the entire process again to get rid of it. There are also chances of skin irritation with the use of depilatories.
This is a much more time consuming and expensive hair removal method, which happens to be one of the methods for permanent hair removal. Needles are inserted into individual hair follicles and then electric current is passed through them. This damages the hair follicles to the extent that they are no longer capable of growing more hair. The problem with this treatment is that as each hair follicle undergoes separate treatment it cannot be used over vast areas. Also, it is very painful and time consuming. The upside of electrolysis is that hair removal is permanent and you may no longer have the problem of unwanted hair on the treated area.

Laser Hair Removal
Laser hair removal is another permanent hair removal method that is time consuming andLaser hair removal expensive but gives good results even over vast treatment areas. In laser hair removal treatments, high pulsed energy is directed at the hair follicles in order to destroy or retard them. Here, no needles are inserted and hence there is hardly any pain. The problem with this treatment is that its results vary according to parameters such as color of hair, color of skin, etc. Also, it is better as a hair reduction technique rather than a hair removal one. As with electrolysis, the costs are high and payment are taken as per the number of sessions required.
Apart from the ones listed above, there are several other hair removal methods such as threading and sugaring which work really well in small treatment areas. Both of these give good results that last for about 2 to 3 weeks, after which, you may need to do them again.


A lot of men and women are usually worried with regards to becoming obese. However, People who would like to get rid of that excess body fat do not need to worry about sweating it out by way of exercising or perhaps engaging in heavy-duty workout routines. Technology in the field of aesthetic surgical procedures has now become extremely advanced as well as tremendously simple for any man or woman to undergo. Should you wish to do away with such type of troubles, a non-surgical fat removal procedure could be the next big solution in your aesthetic treatment procedures.
Due to the less active way of living as well as unhealthy food habits that a lot of people are accustomed to these days, weight reduction as well as the instant-slimming outcomes of liposuction procedures, appear as an attractive alternative. However, lipo could be a painful and also costly proposition, which involves surgical risks in addition to long recuperation periods following the surgical procedure. So, are there any alternatives? Certainly!

A relatively new advancement, non surgical liposuction treatment is a non-invasive procedure, that will help get rid of unwanted fat cells from various areas of the body. This procedure is based on reducing excess fat content by using a variety of techniques which get rid of the fat cells with the help of non-invasive ultrasonics, lasers as well as injection of specific chemical agents.

Non surgical liposuction treatment was initially developed in the 1980’s and then advancements in this particular domain have given rise to quite a few technologies which claim to deliver results by using non surgical liposuction procedures. However, all of these treatments are approved by the Food & Drug Administration. Having said that, short term as well as long term benefits of making use of these non surgical procedures is yet to be confirmed.

A lot of people do not know that non surgical liposuction does not refer to just one particular aesthetic procedure and also that there are actually a number of different types of non surgical liposuction treatments available for people to choose from. This wide variety signifies that an individual’s cosmetic surgery may be totally different from another individual’s surgery even though both go in for fat removal procedures.

Various Non Surgical Liposuction Treatments Available These Days:

Lipodissolve Therapy: Lipodissolve or perhaps injection lipolysis, involves using injections which contain enzymes, proteins (amino acids) as well as other drug combinations that collectively break down fat cells within the human body. This procedure continues to remain controversial, with the Food and Drug Administration not yet approving this procedure as it is still under trials and analysis. Considering that, medical associations have issued strong health cautions against injection lipolysis; it is advised to not decide on this particular treatment.

Topical Creams & Ointments: Topical creams are obtainable on prescription and could be used on the skin over the areas where you would like the excess fat to be reduced. The ointment or cream is absorbed by the skin and it functions by way of breaking down the walls of the fat cells and then dissolving the content. The dissolved fat is later flushed out through urine. Collegenase is an example of this.

Heat Therapy: This is a simple procedure in which a heating device is strapped around the areas which require contouring or shaping. The heat caused due to low frequency radio waves coming from the device causes the skin to contract and lessens swaging or wrinkles. However, this procedure cannot be used to eliminate significant amounts of fat.

Vibration Therapy: Quite similar to the non surgical liposuction treatment, vibration therapy functions by way of stimulating the cell walls, tightening as well as rejuvenating the collagen in order to become supple and properly shaped.

Laser treatments: Most up-to-date devices like Accent and Zerona give off laser beams of a tuned frequency that seep through the skin and then result in the fat cells breaking down, releasing their content into the spaces in between the cells, which is then passed through the blood and urine. Although this is a new non surgical procedure for liposuction and clinical studies are still in progress, laser liposuction procedures can be the defacto standard in the future for non surgical liposuction procedures.
Laser treatments for the purpose of fat removal requires very little turn around time. It does not involve any surgical procedures as such and there is virtually no pain or bleeding. It is considered to be very effective in achieving desired results. A number of these techniques do not demand any recuperation period in anyway. This non invasive procedure has no unwanted side effects or any kind of risks that are associated with the usual surgical procedures.

Some advantages of laser treatment for fat removal:

  • Laser treatment offers permanent removal of fat cells
  • This procedure provides overall enhancement in body shape
  • Laser treatment is virtually pain free and without side effects
  • The procedure results in minimal scarring
  • Laser treatment is an extremely safe as well as simple procedure
  • Laser treatment tightens the skin around the area of treatment
  • Laser treatment is less traumatic in comparison to other surgical procedures

Mesotherapy: This procedure has been an extremely popular method for non-surgical liposuction in Europe and South America for a long time. It is a procedure that offers patients the effects of conventional liposuction procedures but without the surgical treatment. Not only does mesotherapy prove beneficial in getting rid of excess fat, it can also lessen cellulite. This procedure involves using injections of small doses of certain medications, amino acids as well as other holistic ingredients in order to dissolve the fat cells. Following the procedure, the body starts absorbing the melted fat cells and then eliminates them as waste material. The needles utilized in mesotherapy are extremely tiny. As a result of this, the procedure is virtually painless.

Another experimental treatment, referred to as non-invasive body contouring, entails concentrated ultrasound waves, which target difficult to diet fat, which is located on the hips, stomach area as well as thighs. Non-invasive body contouring involves no incisions and each session lasts for about an hour. Patients can return to their daily routines almost immediately following a treatment session.

Remember the fact that fat removal is most effective only if you implement alterations in your lifestyle. Exercise on a regular basis and elimination of unhealthy foods, caffeine, alcoholic beverages as well as tobacco, is extremely necessary in order to avoid the re-appearance of cellulite.


AquaRejuvenation can be aptly called as a power wash, where active substances are made to penetrate the dermis through pressurized micro-jets, without the use of needles and surgical equipment. This ensures that there is no other damage to your skin, other than an effective removal of all the deal cells. After you are through with an AquaRejuvenation session, your skin feels more radiant, has no pigments and lesions and has an even skin tone. AquaRejuvenation treats dull, greasy and lifeless skin and makes it look more youthful and rejuvenated. You can restore damaged skin back to its initial beautifulness with AquaRejuvenation. AquaRejuvenation is perfect to restore your face and neck back to how they looked when you were just twenty!

AquaRejuvenation is a three pronged process which begins with what is called bio-peeling. Bio-peeling is nothing but the abrasion of the first few layers of the skin to remove dead cells and exfoliate it. This is done by projecting a fine powder onto the skin surface using a hand held unit. This bio-peeling process facilitates the micro-jet penetration of the next stage and regenerates the live cells of the epidermis.
The next step involves the penetration of high pressure micro-jets with pressure ranging anywhere between 15 and 20 bars. These jets are sterilized compounds of soluble active cosmetic substances such as plant extracts, Vitamin C and minerals that are good to reverse the ageing process.

The last stage is the application of certain skin care cosmetics that help to protect the sensitive skin that has come through the AquaRejuvenation treatment. To achieve the desired results one may need three to five sessions with ten to fifteen days between each session.
The main advantages of this skin treatment are that:
•·          Skin appears to be revived and radiant
•·          Skin appears well hydrated
•·          Complexion is evened out
•·          Fine lines are reduces
•·          Wrinkles lessen
•·          Pigmented spots fade away
•·          Acne scars are less visible
•·          Skin appears more firm
•·          Increase in elasticity of skin
•·          Facial contours get redefines
The best thing about this procedure is that it is absolutely painless and it involves no surgeries. It suits almost any skin type and can even be used on think, male skin. At AMS, we are inspired to provide you with all the details pertaining to the AquaRejuvenation treatment, its costs and its effects and side effects. We strive to ensure that our customers are equipped with all the knowledge regarding the Aquarejuvenation treatment and are hence able to make informed decisions. At AMS we strive to give our customers the best service coupled with the most competitive prices.


Skin tumors are growths over the skin that may or may not be painful. Other conditions causing growths over skin include cysts. It is important to differentiate between different types of skin growths before treatment for the same is started. Also, some skin tumors can be cancerous and diagnosis of any skin growth to rule out malignancy is of upmost importance. Most of the skin tumors are benign and harmless. Skin tumors are common among people of older age. In most of the cases, skin tumors occur due to hereditary reasons.
Some common types of benign skin tumors are given below:

  • Warts are the commonest skin tumors that result from viral infections.
  • Nevi are benign tumors that are present since birth.
  • Seborrheic keratoses are skin growths causing change in color of skin from light to dark brown.

Skin tags are also common types of skin tumors that are very harmless. In most of the cases, they do not turn cancerous even if left untreated. However, any change in the color and appearance of a skin tag should raise a suspicion about cancerous growths and a biopsy of the tissue needs to be done to rule out malignancy. But, unless such changes are noticed, it is best to leave them untreated.
Troublesome benign skin tumors can be treated in the following ways:
The skin growths should be tied at their narrow base with a string or dental floss. Then, the tag or growth is frozen by using liquid nitrogen. Later, the tag should be burnt with the help of hyfrecator or cautery. The tag can be cut with scissors after that. The procedure can be done with or without anesthesia, depending upon the age of patient and location and size of growth. Patients having more than 1 small growth over skin may need topical anesthesia. The procedure can be performed on an outpatient basis. Patients may suffer from mild pain after the procedure. Use of mild analgesics can help in relieving the pain. There can be bleeding from the site after the surgical procedure, along with discoloration of part. If the skin growths are located very near to eyes, the procedure should be done under supervision of ophthalmologist to avoid any injury to eyes.
Few home remedies have also found to be very effective in treating harmless skin growths. Tying a string around the base of the growth and then waiting till the growth falls off due to lack of blood supply is a common procedure followed by many at home for removing small skin growths. However, the time required for this procedure is more whereas cosmetic surgical procedures give instant results.
However, treatment of skin tumors that are cancerous need a more careful intervention and prolonged treatment. Early detection of it can be helpful in successful treatment of the same. Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are the commonest types of skin cancers. Treatment of these needs surgical removal of them. The abnormal growth of tissue may need to be excised along with the surrounding tissues where the spread of growth may have occurred. Some malignant tumors of skin need different modes of treatment like radiation, chemotherapy and medications. Combined expertise of a cancer surgeon, an oncologist and a dermatologist can be helpful in effective treatment of skin cancers.

Advanced cases of skin tumors need to be removed with the help of techniques like excision, curettage, electrodesiccation or cryosurgery. These procedures are explained below:

  • Curettage with electrodesiccation: In this procedure, the tumor tissue is scraped away with the help of sharp surgical devices called curatte. The bleeding caused by it can be stopped with an electrosurgical unit.
  • Surgical excision: In this procedure, the growth over skin is excised surgically under local anesthesia and then the wound is closed by suturing. Some patients may need general anesthesia for the procedure, if the size of the growth is large.
  • Cryosurgery: Spray of liquid nitrogen directly over the skin can help in freezing of the tissue, resulting in falling off of skin growth.

There can be mild pain after these treatments, which can be relieved with the help of analgesics.
Treatment of malignant skin tumors can also be done with external radiation therapy. A small beam of radiation is used in the procedure that is targeted at the growth over skin. The abnormal cells of skin are killed due to the radiation destroying the lesion. It can cause mild irritation and burning of the normal skin tissue surrounding the lesion. There can also be weakness after the procedure. However, these side effects do not last for long.
Skin tumors that are large in size or those that occur recurrently can be removed with a procedure called Mohs micrographic procedure. This procedure can also be used to treat tumors that are located over cosmetically sensitive parts or over high-risk regions. The skin growth is removed surgically in this procedure layer by layer, till a cancer free part is reached.
For treatment of malignant melanoma, a more aggressive surgical removal is needed. Complete excision of malignant growth should be ensured in these cases. Along with the abnormal growth, a normal tissue of 1-2 cm is also removed. Removal of surrounding lymph nodes should be done to prevent the spread of cancer. The lymph nodes should be tested for cancer. A method, called sentinel node uses radioactive substances for identifying lymph nodes that are likely to be cancerous. Excision of these lymph nodes is also preformed.
Immune therapies, chemotherapy or vaccines are needed in advanced cases of tumors. Some topical agents can be helpful in management of skin tumors like non-melanoma cancer of skin.
An early detection of skin growths along with correct diagnosis can help in successful treatment of them.