Acne can affect anyone, from adolescents at puberty to adults. People are nowadays opting for a wide range of Acne scar treatment including antibiotics, herbal medications and laser therapies. Some of them are based on scientific evidence and use proven substances for removing acne, while some do not have any scientific base. Still people try their luck with such treatments. They go to bed with their faces covered in lemon slices, toothpaste and so on. And no wonder: the results aren’t so impressive. Here are some popular treatments for acne:
Antibiotics for acne:
Most patients rely on antibiotics, either in a pill or in topical form, to battle acne. Antibiotics destroy the bacteria accumulated in the hair follicles, calm the body’s immune response and thereby reduce redness and swelling.
However, this treatment may not work when the bacteria multiplies and grows in clogged follicles. Some bacteria reside in the layers of the skin and are hard to wipe out even if an invasive antibiotic comes on the scene.
Benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid:
Benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid can be effective in some patients, but don’t work for everyone. Benzoyl peroxide helps reduce bacteria by oxygenating pores; but may also cause the skin to become excessively dry. Similarly, salicylic acid can also cause extreme dryness and peeling while clearing the dead cells from the surface of the skin.
A treatment that has emerged in recent years to battle acne with advanced technology is laser treatment. Not all lasers are created uniformly. The type of laser for acne treatment depends on several factors and each of them works in a different way. Let’s have a look at the basics of each type.
These lasers help in preventing future acne breakouts by reducing the ability of the skin to produce an oily substance called sebum. The laser rays accomplish the task by destroying sebaceous glands in the dermis. The treatment does not cause any damage to the surface of the skin, even as the tiny glands within the hair follicles are destroyed.
Diode laser therapy smoothens out the skin and also takes care of any abnormal discolorations. Diode lasers are also used for treating extreme scarring caused due to large acne lesions and cysts. The treatment firms up the skin from beneath, giving it a smoother and tighter appearance.
CO2 lasers are high-intensity lasers that help resurface or reduce acne scarring by removing the outer layer of dermis. After the outermost layer heals, the newer layer of the skin is exposed, which is less discolored and more even than the previous outermost layer.
Points to note:
Laser treatment isn’t pain-free. But, the pain can be reduced to some extent by administering topical painkillers during the procedure. Additionally, laser acne treatment can cause redness. In most patients, it subsides within a week. However, it may persist for months in some cases. Some patients also develop permanent scarring.
Not all patients with acne need to undergo laser therapy. There are several other less intensive treatments that are effective especially when the disfigurement is not substantial. Most of these treatments are also less expensive.
Who should avoid laser treatment?
Laser treatment needs to be avoided if the individual suffers from certain skin conditions like psoriasis and cystic acne. People with extremely dry skin should also refrain from undergoing laser treatment.
Having said that; laser for acne removal is certainly the most effective treatment to get a clear and youthful skin. The results take much less time to be noticeable and are relatively long lasting.