Cosmetic Surgery is a unique discipline of medicine focused on enhancing appearance through surgical and medical techniques. Cosmetic Surgery can be performed on all areas of the head, neck, breast and body, to change your looks. If you have any birth-mark or other injury, you can change it through Cosmetic surgery.

The Modern world seems to come under two different groups, one of it is Physical beauty while the other part reflects on inner beauty like mind, body & Soul.

Surgery can change one’s direct positive self-confidence, which can be in terms of emotional and physically well being.

Surgery can change appearance of a person and reconstruct it in a better way.

Cosmetic surgeries

Cosmetic surgeries in India

There are many Cosmetic surgeries available in India,

1. Hair restoration is hair implants, hair flaps, and scalp reductions.

2. Rhinoplasty is nose job or nose reshaping.

3. Stalling of the aging process is face-lift, cosmetic eyelid surgery, brow lift, and sub-metal lipectomy for double chin.

4. Demabrasions is sanding of the face.

5. Abdominoplasty is tummy tuck.

6. Breast augmentation is breast enlargements.

7. Otoplasty for protruding ears, chin and cheek enlargement, lip reductions, various types of breast surgery and reconstruction and liposuction.

You may have heard about regenerative tissue therapy in the news, and perhaps wondered what they are, how they are being used to treat disease and injuries, and why they are the subject of such vigorous debate. Well, here are the answers to some of the most common queries.
Why is there such an Interest?
Doctors and researchers hope that regenerative tissue studies can help increase our understanding of how diseases develop and how we can generate healthy cells to replace diseased cells. People who can benefit from this therapy include people with cancer, type I diabetes, spinal cord injuries, Parkinson’s disease, heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, osteoarthritis and burns.
What are Regenerative Tissues?
These are the body’s raw materials. Also called Stem cells, they are cells from which every other cell with specialized functions is generated. Under the right conditions in the body or at a laboratory, these cells divide to form more cells known as daughter cells. The daughter cells either become new cells (self-renewal) or specialized cells with a more specific function, like brain cells, blood cells, heart muscle or bone cells.
What is Regenerative Tissue Therapy and How Does it Work?
Regenerative tissue therapy promotes the reparative response of diseased, injured or dysfunctional tissues using stem cells or their derivatives. It’s the next chapter of organ transplantation and makes use of cells instead of donor organs.
Researchers grow stem cells in a laboratory. They are manipulated to specialize into specific kinds of cells, like heart muscle cells, nerve cells, or blood cells. These specialized cells can then be implanted into a patient. For example, if someone has heart disease, the cells can be injected into the heart muscle. The transplanted cells then contribute to repairing the defective heart muscle.
Why is there such a Controversy about Using Embryonic Regenerative Tissues?
Embryonic regenerative tissues are obtained from early-stage embryos, a group of cells which form when a woman’s egg is fertilized with sperm in an in-vitro fertilization clinic. Since human embryonic tissues are extracted from human embryos, many questions and issues have been raised about the ethics of regenerative tissue research.
The National Institutes of Health has created guidelines for human regenerative tissue research. Guidelines included defining embryonic tissues and how they can be used in research and donation guidelines for embryonic tissues. The guidelines also stated that embryonic cells may only be used from embryos that are created by in vitro fertilization when an embryo is no longer required.
Where do the Embryos Come From?
Embryos being utilized in the research are taken from eggs that were fertilized in an in-vitro fertilization clinic, but were never implanted in a woman’s uterus. These cells are donated with the informed consent of the donors. The tissues can live and grow in special solutions in petri dishes or test tubes in laboratories.
What are the Possible Complications of using Embryonic Regenerative Tissues in Humans?
In order to be useful for treatment in people, researchers need to be sure that the tissues will differentiate into the specific, desired cell types. Researchers have found ways to direct tissues to become specific types of cells, e.g. directing embryonic regenerative tissues to become heart cells. There is ongoing research in this area.
Embryonic tissues can grow irregularly or specialize into different cell types spontaneously. Researchers are studying ways to control the growth as well as differentiation of embryonic tissues. These cells might trigger an immune response wherein the recipient’s body attacks the tissues as foreign invaders, or fail to function normally, with unknown consequences. There is ongoing research, to study how to avoid such possible complications.

Just recently, I struggled to hold a squat during what felt like an electric earthquake. Leave aside the burn of the pose, my main problem was the way my brain seemed to rattle and my ears seemed to buzz!
I stood on a Powerplate machine, a vibration exercise platform that was developed in the 60’s for the Soviet space program as a method to preserve muscle mass and bone density in astronauts. The vibrating exercise machine resembling the doctor’s scale on steroids has undergone a recent renaissance. It is marketed as an effective way to intensify workouts and is glamorized by some of the most famous Hollywood stars.
Power Plate basically is a brand that uses a vibrating platform in exercise equipment. The power plate machine consists of a vibrating base which vibrates up and down. It is big enough to accommodate an individual in the deep squat position. Conventional exercises like push-ups and squats are done on the vibrating base. People do a series of exercises from 30 seconds to one minute each, with rests of a similar duration.
A physical therapist came across the technology in rehabilitation centers and beauty salons in Europe and brought the power plate workout machines to New York in 2007. He opened a vibration studio and each exercise class centered on the power plate exercises and often incorporated free weights. The session is only 25 minutes long and limited to 4 participants with a personal trainer. After a round of squats, the group performs push-ups, calf raises, and plank-position holds at intervals of 45 seconds, with the miniature black-and-silver platforms furiously wriggling beneath.
The workout is an intense 25 minutes, but makes you feel like you worked out for about an hour and a half. According to an exercise physiologist, using the machines is like running a jackhammer. The high-frequency vibration affects the nervous system. However, the technology is best used to supplement an already existing exercise regimen and must not exceed 30 minutes, a couple of days in a week.
Although power plate exercises are a quick, safe and effective way to lose weight and stay fit, the overuse of such machines includes the possibility of harm to internal organs in the body. According to the chief science officer at the American Council on Exercise, the high-frequency vibration, if used in excess, could upset the digestive tract. Hence, doing these exercises in limits and under expert supervision is important.
The vibration from these machines stimulates the stretch reflex in the body and makes the muscles contract rapidly. The muscles do work much harder. There are incremental advantages of working out longer with vibration technology, but with a small margin. The machines are really fantastic for professional athletes or people looking for positive results from their workout routines.
You have to exercise regularly on the plate in order to get tighter abs, nicely shaped arms or firmer thighs. The good news is that due to the high intensity of these vibrating machines, you can achieve amazing results super fast. The best way to exercise is by increasing the frequency gradually. Beginners should start with nine minutes of the resistance program, followed by 9 minutes of stretching, massage and relaxation, both on lower frequency as well as on amplitude settings.

Point a mother towards the end of the earth and that’s where she will go, in her determination to find a cure for her ailing child. An accountant by profession, Emily Miller’s firstborn Jason was only 4 years old when he was diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder, also referred to as PDD, a severe form of autism. The pediatrician said that there was no cure for Jason’s condition.
“Jason did not show any characteristic signs of autism, but he was clearly not developing like other children his age,” says Emily. Although he could read, he wasn’t able to speak spontaneously. He threw tantrums, could not express what he wanted, whether he was sad or hungry, and didn’t reach out to other kids his age,” says Emily.
Like most children in the autism spectrum, the boy had attention difficulties. “He was rigid and spaced out most of the time. It was heartbreaking to see my poor baby this way,” she adds. Emily refused to accept that there was no cure for her son’s condition. “I devoted myself to ensuring that my son got the best possible treatment and researched endlessly,” she says. She quickly put her son on biomedical treatment and a casein and gluten-free diet, under the supervision of a Defeat Autism Now (DAN)-licensed doctor.
Jason, now 11, has undergone various treatments, and has been taking supplements and B12 injections to help with attention issues. He has even benefited from occupational and speech therapy. Early last year, a clinic offered Emily an opportunity to try regenerative tissue therapy.
Emily agreed to go ahead with the treatment as she was willing to try anything that could help her son. The accountant mom read up on the supposed benefits of regenerative tissues for autism and other medical disorders.
This therapy involves the harvesting of fat from the patient’s stomach or thigh. After this, a machine isolates the regenerative tissues from the fat. The fresh cells are then injected back into the patient’s body in order to stimulate the production of new and healthy cells. In patients who are very old or sick, or have autism like Jason, the cells are taken from a close blood relative.
The cells were taken from Emily’s tummy and injected into her son. The procedure is deemed safe, but infectious screening, blood screening, compatibility testing and a complete physical checkup should be performed prior to the procedure. Compatibility testing is crucial to determine which parent is a better match donor.
The effects of the treatment on Jason after just a week or two were dramatic, says Emily. “We noticed that he was quicker in question-and-answer response, was visibly more aware, and more in the moment.
Besides autism, there are several other benefits of this therapy, which include regenerative tissue breast augmentation, regenerative tissues for diabetes, neurodegenerative and cardiovascular disorders, regenerative tissues for spinal cord injury, asthma and even regenerative tissues for hair loss treatment.
Convinced with the results of the therapy, Emily also states that Jason would not have improved over the years if it weren’t for his biomedicines and special diet. Regenerative tissue therapy makes a vast difference in certain conditions, but along with traditional doctor-guided medication, she says.

What is Laser Teeth Whitening?
The process of teeth whitening involves the removal of stains and discoloration from teeth, and improving their color through a bleaching process to make them appear whiter. Laser teeth whitening or power tooth whitening is a procedure which uses a laser to activate the tooth whitening gel.
Studies indicate that laser teeth whitening has proved effective in more than 80% of patients. There’s a good reason why procedures like Beyond Polus laser teeth whitening are becoming one of the most requested dental cosmetic treatments. The results obtained are very noticeable and the teeth appear almost 5 to 6 shades lighter soon after treatment.
Why Laser Teeth Whitening?
Looking good is amongst the main goals for every individual and having whiter teeth is a major step towards achieving this goal. Whiter teeth are always associated with beauty and are therefore highly coveted. Unlike most at-home whitening systems, a major advantage of laser teeth whitening is that you don’t have to wait for weeks before seeing the results. Also, the procedure only lasts for an hour.
Laser Treatment Versus Conventional Teeth Whitening
Conventional teeth whitening treatments involve wearing custom fitted mouth trays that contain bleaching gel, for 30 minutes to a couple of hours, and sometimes overnight; for a period of 5 to14 days. Most teeth whitening kits for home use include carbamide peroxide as the base ingredient. This slow acting chemical needs to remain on the teeth for a long time before it starts oxidizing the stains and discoloration.
In contrast, laser teeth whitening uses highly reactive hydrogen peroxide on the surface of the teeth and the laser is focused on the bleaching compound to hasten the oxidation process.
Laser Teeth Whitening Procedure
The dentist will first do a scaling or polishing before the procedure. This will thoroughly clean the teeth and remove any surface tartar and stains. Next, the dentist will make a record of the color/shade of the teeth before the procedure to show the difference achieved after whitening. This is done using a tooth color shade chart or digital photo.
Since the bleaching compound generally contains a high concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the dentist will place some form of protection around the gums. Even eye protection is provided to avoid any damage to the eyes.
The whitening gel will then be applied on the teeth before activating the laser. The laser allows the crystals in the gel to penetrate the stains effectively and quickly. Lastly, the dentist will wash off the whitening gel and remove the gum protection before evaluating the final results. The results are dramatic and you will notice visible results instantly. Laser teeth whitening procedures are quick and provide instant results. For instance, the Beyond Polus teeth whitening system is designed to whiten teeth within just 3 ten minute sessions.
Side Effects of Laser Teeth Whitening
The teeth may become very sensitive immediately after the procedure. Hence, it is advised to avoid very hot or cold drinks for some time. The dentists will offer fluoride treatment to reduce sensitivity, which usually stops after a few hours. In extreme cases the sensitivity could continue overnight.

Treatment of dermatitis depends upon the cause of the condition. Some of the cornerstones for treating dermatitis are avoidance of irritants, wet compresses and corticosteroid creams. Use of topical corticosteroids should be for short term only. It can be discontinued once the rash is under control, to increase effectiveness of treatment and to reduce the side effects like thinning of skin. Non-steroidal medicines are also useful in treating some types of dermatitis. Using anti-histaminic drugs that are easily available over the counter can help in reducing the itching in dermatitis.
Contact Dermatitis:
Contact eczemaTreating contact dermatitis should include identification of the causative factor responsible for it, followed by the removal of the cause. Topical agents containing hydrocortisone or other stronger steroidal agents along with wet dressings over the cream can help in effective treatment of the condition.
Neurodermatitis:
The treatment objective in this condition should be to control the itching and to prevent further exacerbation of the skin condition. Various options for treating this condition are topical agents containing hydrocortisone, wet compresses along with the use of anti-anxiety or anti-depressant medications. Proper counseling of the patients is also required in some cases to help the patients to understand and prevent the emotions or behaviors that can aggravate itching and scratching. It is beneficial for the patients to cover the affected part with a dressing. This helps the patients in avoiding scratching the part.
Seborrheic dermatitis:
The first choice of treatment for treating this condition is medicated shampoos. Shampoos containing tar, salicylic acid, ketoconazole or pyrithione zinc as active ingredients are beneficial for treating this condition. Lotions or creams containing hydrocortisone can be used for the treatment of non-scalp Seborrheic dermatitis. Drugs affecting the immune system of the patient, like immuno-modulators, can be used in this condition. Anti-inflammatory and antifungal medications are particularly useful in the effective management of Seborrheic dermatitis.
However, prolonged use of immuno-modulator drugs affects the immune system and can be harmful for the normal functioning of the body. Hence, Food and Drug Administration has recommended using Elidel or Protopic only if the other modes of treatment have failed to treat the condition. These drugs can also be used if other medications cause side effects in the patients or are not tolerated well by the patients. Treatment of Seborrheic dermatitis usually involves the use of topical agents. However, use of Pixel laser can also help in reducing the levels of Malassezia on the face. Pixel laser can be used for skin resurfacing of the skin and helps in creating polished appearance over the skin.

Static Dermatitis:
Treatment of static dermatitis includes the correction of the underlying condition that is responsible for accumulation of fluids in legs and ankles, etc. for a prolonged period. Other treatment options of this condition include surgical therapy for varicose veins and wearing of elastic support hose. Use of wet dressings for softening the thickened skin that is yet fragile can help in relieving the condition. It also helps in controlling the infections.
Atopic Dermatitis:
Perioral dermatitis Treatment of atopic dermatitis should be aimed at reducing the redness and itching of the skin. Apart from this, healing the cracks in the skin that are prone to infections is also essential. Use of lotions containing hydrocortisone, along with wet dressings having mild astringent properties can be very useful. Immuno-modulator medications like Pimecrolimus or Tacrolimus can be used for effective management of this condition. Apart for this, light therapy involving exposure of skin to regularized amounts of artificial or natural light can be used for the prevention of occurrence of atopic dermatitis.
Perioral Dermatitis:
Use of strong corticosteroids for treating this condition is generally not advised by doctors. This is so because once these medications are stopped, the symptoms of the condition may reoccur, leading to a severe exacerbation of the condition. Use of oral antibiotics like tetracycline can also take many months for relief of the condition. Mild corticosteroid lotion or cream can be helpful in treating this condition.

Cysts are sack like structures containing gas, fluid or semisolid material. It is an abnormal growth and can be easily differentiated from the surrounding normal tissues. Occurrence of cysts is very common in people of all ages. It can occur in any part of the body. Cysts can be of different sizes, varying from very small that are visible only when inspected under microscope, to as large as able to displace normal tissues and organs. The cysts are closed structures and are covered by an outer wall, called capsule.
Causative Factors of Cysts:
Cysts can occur as a result of different body processes like obstruction to flow of any fluid or simple wear and tear. It can also occur due to infections, tumors or chronic inflammatory conditions. Some cysts are genetically linked or are caused by defects in congenital development. The cysts can be prevented if the above mentioned underlying causative factors are avoided.
Signs and Symptoms of Cysts:
Sometimes the cysts are easily noticeable by patients and feel like abnormal lumps. Cysts in breasts or mammary glands can be felt during routine examination of breasts. However, cysts in internal organs like those in liver or kidneys are not easily palpable and are not noticed by the patients themselves. They may not even produce any symptoms in the initial period. These cysts are usually detected in routine imaging tests like ultrasound, X-ray or MRI. The symptoms of the cysts depend upon their location and size.
Types of Cysts:
There are more than 100 types of cysts that can occur anywhere in body. Some well known types of cysts are described below:
Cysts formed in breast can be a part of benign proliferative or fibrocystic disease of breasts. Ovarian cysts occur in some specific types of ovarian tumors. In these conditions, the ovarian tumors contain cysts and other abnormal tissues. Dermoid cysts can also occur in ovaries.
Cysts in thyroid glands are as common as baker cysts occurring behind the knees. Baker cysts occur in popliteal fossa behind the knees. Ganglion cysts are common in tendons and joints. Chalazions are cysts occurring in the glands of eyelids. Cysts occurring just below skin surface are called sebaceous cysts. Some other cysts occurring on skin are epidermal cysts also called epidermal inclusion cysts. These are commonly found on scalp, trunk, neck and face. Patients may also suffer from cysts over skin and these are caused by abscesses or boils over skin. Infection and inflammation of skin can lead to cysts on skin.
Enlargement of tiny glands near vaginal opening are called Bartholin cysts. Cysts occurring in pineal glands in brain are called pineal cysts. Polycystic kidney disorder is a common kidney conditions that is hereditarily transmitted. The kidneys in this condition contain multiple cysts. Pancreatic cysts are formed due to abnormal collection of fluid within the pancreatic tissue. Few pancreatic cysts are true cysts and are lined by cells secreting fluid. Some pancreatic cysts are false cysts or pseudocysts that do not have a lining of cells secreting fluid.
Cysts in meningeal tissue, also called Tarlov cysts are very rare. There can also be occurrence of cysts in perineural space in sacrum. Arachnoid cysts are cysts situated between the spinal cord or brain and the arachnoid matter. Arachnoid matter is a membrane covering the spinal cord and brain.

It is important to note that most of the above mentioned cysts are harmless. However, some cysts may cause discomfort, pain and pressure symptoms due to their location and size. Some cysts are associated with infections and malignancy. Patients suffering from cysts in any part of the body should consult a physician to rule out these possibilities. Appropriate diagnostic tests can be preformed for detection of the causes of cysts.

Treatment of Cysts:
An effective treatment of cysts depends upon their location and cause. Cysts, which are very large in size and causing pressure symptoms or pain, need to be removed surgically. In some cases, removal of fluid in cysts can also be performed. This can be done by draining or aspirating the fluid matter by insertion of a catheter or needle in the cysts. This causes collapse of cysts. Radio-imaging techniques can be used for guidance of the instrument through the part for accurate drainage of fluid. This can be useful especially in cysts that are not easily accessible. Patients should avoid performing drainage of cysts at home.
Few patients need surgical removal of cysts along with their walls. Cysts that may be cancerous need to be removed surgically. Biopsy of the tissue is taken and tested to rule out malignancy in these cases. Cysts can also be marsupilized by using scanning Carbon Dioxide lasers. This should be done under local anesthesia. This procedure helps in avoiding post-operative complications like the formation of lineal scar. If the cysts are formed due to chronic medical disorders like fibrocystic breast disease or polycystic ovarian syndrome, the treatment should be aimed at removing the underlying cause.

Even though most people make the best possible efforts in order to remain healthy and fit, factors such as, age, genes, as well as circumstances like pregnancy could lead to unpleasant fat deposits that do not respond to exercise and dieting. Every year, an increasing number of men and women turn to liposuction procedures in order to help get rid of such fat pockets from the stomach area, hips, thighs, as well as arms, but quite a few men and women are reluctant to go through an invasive surgical treatment which involves discomfort as well as time to recover. However, as a consequence of technological improvements in the world of cosmetic surgery, men and women who are planning on liposuction treatment have a brand new alternative known as laser body contouring.
Laser body contouringThe Laser Lipo procedures such as, SmartLipo, Accent and Zerona provide you with results that are very similar to the ones that could be achieved with the help of conventional liposuction procedures with virtually no pain as well as recovery time which is involved in other conventional treatments.

The term body contouring has long been used in cosmetic surgery to refer to treatment procedures that are designed to improve the overall appearance of the body shape. Generally body contouring has been utilized in order to describe breast enhancement, tummy tuck abdominoplasty, thigh and buttock lift in addition to arm lift as well as other surgical treatments. However, the problem with conventional plastic surgery for body contouring for a lot of people is the scarring associated with the surgery, like in the case of tummy tuck procedures.

With the arrival as well as popularization of liposuction procedures, the term Liposculpture or body sculpting has been used in order to describe the use of liposuction procedures to improve body contour with the help of liposuction as an alternative to surgical treatments which needed skin removal.

A number of results achieved with the help of conventional liposuction procedures do not usually live up to the term “sculpting”, since conventional liposuction procedures often leave behind loose skin as well as skin irregularities. The effects achieved with the help of laser liposuction happen to be really refined as well as effective.

The revolutionary laser liposuction procedure and its body sculpting technology melts excess fat in addition to tightening up skin with significantly less damage as compared to conventional liposuction procedures. Body sculpting using traditional liposuction procedures often leaves loose skin as well as contour deformities or perhaps depressions in the area where the fat beneath the skin has been removed.

The new laser treatment for body sculpting and fat removal makes use of a small laser fiber, significantly smaller than the liposuction cannula, in order to melt fat as well as tighten the skin simultaneously. The end result is a lot more refined skin appearance and the skin is firm and smooth without any scars and contour deformities. These kinds of results were not possible with traditional liposuction procedures as well as abdominoplasty surgery. This proves that the term laser body sculpting is certainly appropriate.

Laser body contouring using this innovative technology can be performed on the neck area, waist, abdominal area, thighs, hips, buttocks, hands, as well as other body areas in which excess fat and or loose skin is bothering you.

Advantages of Laser Treatments for Body Contouring:
Making use of aesthetic laser treatments has a lot of advantages. It is definitely an effective tool not just with regard to cellulite removal but also for liposuction procedures as well as facial treatments. This procedure speeds up the dissolving of unwanted fat deposits in addition to treating wrinkles on the face as well as reducing blemishes.

Laser treatment revitalizes your skin and makes you look more youthful and attractive. Applying the right pressure and heat in the body part which has cellulite increases the circulation of blood and also effectively eliminates excess fat as well as toxic wastes.

Getting rid of cellulite with the help of laser treatment is quick as well as a really pain-free procedure. What’s more, it is free of unwanted side effects and requires virtually no recovery time. You are certain to experience a non-invasive treatment which no other cellulite treatments can offer.

However, laser treatment could cost you a lot of money. Cellulite cannot be treated by visiting the cosmetic surgeon just once. This particular medical procedure needs a certain number of treatment sessions depending upon how severe your condition is. A follow-up with the physician is important in order to maintain the youthful appearance.

Nevertheless, in case you would like to save time and you are not prepared to go through the difficult process, which other cellulite treatments offer, in that case laser treatment is certainly the most beneficial alternative for you. You need to be willing to spend some money since the costs are usually high. You might want to analyze the money aspect up against the benefits in order to help you have a good spend.

The applications as well as benefits of this remarkable new laser liposuction procedures as well as skin tightening technology are just beginning to gain recognition, and therefore the future guarantees new revolutionary advancements. Laser technology is actually revolutionizing cosmetic surgery procedures and the results offered by proven treatments such as SmartLipo, Accent as well as Zerona, are extremely fascinating. Based on the patient as well as their body contouring objectives, cosmetic surgeons might recommend that laser liposuction procedure should be combined with a conventional body contouring procedure such as liposuction or perhaps abdominoplasty for optimum results. Any individual who is thinking about laser or conventional body contouring treatments must seek advice from an experienced, board-certified cosmetic surgeon who is able to recommend a procedure that is most suitable for them.